Against Authority

0043_definition_of_anarchyIn the early nineteenth century, socialism meant nothing more than having a normative plan or idea of how society should be. Later in the nineteenth century, “socialism” meant opposition to concentration of capital in the hands of a few state-privileged persons. Today, of course, socialism means something quite different—collective ownership of the means of production (capital). Thus, in modern terms, Warren and the classic American individualist anarchists were not socialist, but rather mutualist. Similarly, capitalism meant concentrated state-favoured ownership in the nineteenth century, rather than private ownership of the means of production as it does today. Thus, while the classic individualist anarchist claimed to be against capitalism, in modern terms they supported most aspects of capitalism. In reading nineteenth century tracts, one must keep these terminological differences constantly in mind.

Hogeye Bill

Against Authority .pdf file